HSRC IR Repository

Determinants of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women aged 15-24 years in South Africa: a 2012 population-based national household survey

Show simple item record

dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-31 en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-27T13:22:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-27T13:22:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-31 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11672
dc.description.abstract South Africa is making tremendous progress in the fight against HIV, however, adolescent girls and young women aged 15-24 years (AGYW) remain at higher risk of new HIV infections. This paper investigates sociodemographic and behavioural determinants of HIV infection among AGYW in South Africa. A secondary data analysis was undertaken based on the 2012 population-based nationally representative multi-stage stratified cluster random household sample. Multivariate stepwise backward and forward regression modelling was used to determine factors independently associated with HIV prevalence. Out of 3092 interviewed and tested AGYW 11.4% were HIV positive. Overall HIV prevalence was significantly higher among young women (17.4%) compared to adolescent girls (5.6%). In the AGYW model increased risk of HIV infection was associated with being young women aged 20-24 years, and condom use at last sex, and decreased likelihood was associated with other race groups, sexual partner within 5 years of age, tertiary level education, low risk alcohol use and having one sexual partner. In the adolescent girls model decreased risk of HIV infection was associated with other race groups, being married, and living in less poor household. In the young women???s models increased risk of HIV infection was associated with condom use at last sex, and decreased likelihood was associated with other race groups, one sexual partner, low risk alcohol use, having a sexual partner within 5 years of age and having tertiary education. These findings support the need to design combination prevention interventions which simultaneously address socio-economic drivers of the HIV epidemic, promote education, equity and access to schooling, and target age-disparate partnerships, inconsistent condom use and risky alcohol consumption. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject ADOLESCENT GIRLS en
dc.subject WOMEN en
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS en
dc.subject RISK BEHAVIOUR en
dc.title Determinants of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women aged 15-24 years in South Africa: a 2012 population-based national household survey en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 18 en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle BMC Public Health en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10176 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9128 en
dc.bibliographictitle Mabaso, M., Sokhela, Z., Mohlabane, N., Chibi, B., Zuma, K. & Simbayi, L. (2018) Determinants of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women aged 15-24 years in South Africa: a 2012 population-based national household survey. <i>BMC Public Health</i>. 18:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2018 en
dc.contributor.author1 Mabaso, M. en
dc.contributor.author2 Sokhela, Z. en
dc.contributor.author3 Mohlabane, N. en
dc.contributor.author4 Chibi, B. en
dc.contributor.author5 Zuma, K. en
dc.contributor.author6 Simbayi, L. en


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search HSRC IR


Browse

My Account