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A systematic review on occupational hazards, injuries and diseases among police officers worldwide: policy implications for the South African Police Service

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dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-12T12:22:09Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-12T12:22:09Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03-12 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/13556
dc.description.abstract Occupational hazards, injuries and diseases are a major concern among police officers, including in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is limited locally relevant literature for guiding policy for the South African Police Service (SAPS). The purpose of this review was to describe the occupational hazards, injuries and diseases affecting police officers worldwide, in order to benchmark policy implications for the SAPS. The authors conducted a systematic review of studies using Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus. A total of 36 studies were included in this review. Six revealed that police officers' exposure to accident hazards may lead to acute or chronic injuries such as sprains, fractures or even fatalities. These hazards may occur during driving, patrol or riot control. There were two studies, which confirmed physical hazards such as noise induced hearing loss (NIHL), due to exposure to high levels of noise. Three studies on chemical hazards revealed that exposure to high concentrations of carbon dioxide and general air pollution was associated with cancer, while physical exposure to other chemical substances was linked to dermatitis. Four studies on biological hazards demonstrated potential exposure to blood borne diseases from needle stick injuries (NSIs) or cuts from contaminated objects. One study on ergonomic hazards showed that musculoskeletal disorders can result from driving long distances and lifting heavy objects. There were 15 studies that indicated psychological hazards such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as stress. Moreover, four studies were conducted on organizational hazards including burnout, negative workplace exposure and other factors. This review outlined the global impact of occupational hazards, injuries and diseases in the police force. It served as a benchmark for understanding the policy implications for South Africa, where there is paucity of studies on occupational health and safety. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject POLICE SERVICES en
dc.subject STRESS en
dc.title A systematic review on occupational hazards, injuries and diseases among police officers worldwide: policy implications for the South African Police Service en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 14(2) en
dc.BudgetYear 2018/19 en
dc.ResearchGroup Research Use and Impact Assessment en
dc.SourceTitle Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10738 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9766 en
dc.bibliographictitle Mona, G., Chimbari, M. & Hongoro, C. (2019) A systematic review on occupational hazards, injuries and diseases among police officers worldwide: policy implications for the South African Police Service . <i>Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology</i>. 14(2):Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2019 en
dc.contributor.author1 Mona, G. en
dc.contributor.author2 Chimbari, M. en
dc.contributor.author3 Hongoro, C. en


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